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Dec 12, 2014 - Fiat G.55 In practice, the G.55 proved a strong airframe able to withstand a good deal of punishment and get her airmen back home. Later, after the G.57 project was dropped, and given the ANR's continuing need for an aircraft that could replace the SM.79, the ANR engineers undertook the task of converting the Centauro for the torpedo attack role. By 1939, all the main Italian aircraft factories had begun designing a new series of fighter, with inline engines as opposed to the radial engines that powered the Italian fighters in early World War II. The definitive evaluation by the German commission was "excellent" for the G.55, "excellent" for the Re.2005 although very complicated to produce, and merely "average" for the C.205. It only appears in Strikers 1945 Plus. A parody of.  A single G.59-2A was acquired by Argentina for evaluation, but no further orders followed from the South American republic. List of aircraft of Italy in World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fiat_G.55&oldid=993938596, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 3 × 20 mm MG 151/20s, one engine-mounted (250 rounds) and two wing-mounted (200 rpg), 2 × 12.7 mm Breda-SAFAT machine guns in the upper engine cowling (300 rpg), Provision for 2 × 160 kg (353 lb) bombs on underwing racks (N.B. (Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana) in 1943–1945. The two first pre-production series flew, respectively, on 10 April and in May 1943. Sep 20, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Klaus Sirén. Fiat G.55 was one of the best Italian fighter. In early June they were assigned to 353 Squadriglia (flight) CT based in Fol… Giuseppe Gabrielli e derivato dal precedente Fiat G.55 Centauro.  Official maximum speed was 685 km/h (426 mph) and the aircraft was armed with three 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon, one firing through the propeller hub, the other two installed in the wings. It was armed with one 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon with 200 rounds of ammunition, installed in the forward fuselage and firing between the cylinder banks, exiting through the propeller hub. https://strikersworld.fandom.com/wiki/Fiat_G.56?oldid=7438, This aircraft's special support where the player controls these support aircraft by moving the plane is sightly referenced to the 1989 scrolling shooter arcade game, The Fiat G.56's pilot is a pig.  Performance was excellent, the aircraft proving superior to both the Bf 109K and Bf 109G and Fw 190A, outmaneuvering  all types in testing. Despite the cumbersome external load, performance was good and the handling acceptable. The G.55 Centauro serie 1 is a rank III Italian fighter with a battle rating of 4.7 (AB/RB/SB). Fiat G.56. By late 1942 the aging Sparviero was facing continually improving Allied fighters and anti aircraft defences, leading to the Italian general staff exploring the idea of using well-powered, single-engined heavy fighters to deliver torpedoes – a concept known later as the "torpedo fighter". Orari Lunedì – Venerdì: 8.30-12.00; 14.00–17.30 The third one was transferred to Rechlin for tests and experiments in Germany. The Re.2005 was the fastest at high altitudes and best in dogfights, but suffered from a vibration which turned out to be a balance problem.  The conversion was successful, and the AMI decided to convert its G.55s to Merlin power, these re-entering service at the Lecce flying school in 1950 as the G.59-1A and G.59-1B (single- and two-seat versions).. The trials showed that the Centauro was the 2nd best performer overall, and it won the tender set by the Regia Aeronautica. It still not exactly known how many "Centauros" were eventually requisitioned by the Luftwaffe or those acquired by ANR. Mirage F.1ED Libyan AF. Buy Now. No idea when gaijin is going to pull their finger out though. It was initially commanded by Lt Col Antonio Vizzoto, and later by Lt Col Aldo Alessandrini. However, the process didn't stop, and already in 1941, designers shifted their attention on the new, larger and more powerful Fiat RA.1050, a license-built copy of the Daimler-Benz DB 605. From 12:00 GMT in the 14th of July till 07:00 GMT on the 17th of July. There are no related products covering the "Fiat G.56" in 1:72 on scalemates.com. The Fiat G.55 Centauro (Italian: "Centaur") was a single-engine single-seat World War II fighter aircraft used by the Regia Aeronautica and the A.N.R. In early June they were assigned to 353a Squadriglia (flight) CT based in Foligno, Umbria, were, until August, were transferred nine more aircraft. On 27 August, the Squadriglie 351a and 352a left Sardinia and arrived in Foligno to be re-equipped with G.55. Fiat G.56: Improved Energy Fighter 14 July 2017 Event Attention! Three designs were proposed, the Fiat G.55, the M.C. Product Description. "Fiat G.55. Pilots were delighted when they began to receive the new fighter in summer 1943.. What's in the box: fiat-g56-144. This topic is categorised under: Aircraft » Propeller » Fiat G.56 . Unfortunately this version existed only in one prototype that was tested by Luftwaffe. Aircraft powered by this new engine became the "Serie 5", and all had alphanumeric designations ending in the number "5" (Macchi C.205, Reggiane Re.2005, Fiat G.55). After the war the G.56’s prototype was employed by Fiat like flying test bed. Production, however, was not allowed by the German authorities. You can indirectly control these Junkers by moving your plane; the Junkers will line up to your vertical position on the screen by moving horizontally. They had a different weapon layout, as stated above, with the two lower cowling machine guns moved into the wings. The Macchi C.202's performance decreased above 8,000 m (26,250 ft), the typical altitude of the bombers and its light armament of two 12.7 mm (.5 in) and two 7.7mm (.31 in) machine guns was hardly adequate to bring down heavy bombers. Later these two were converted to Serie I and delivered to the ANR. 21 Blue / MM.91147 (Capitano Giovanni Bonet) | July 1944 (Result: 8) | FS33434 FS34052 FS36440 The suggestion of weapons in the wings, limited to one 20 mm gun for each wing, originated the final configuration of the Serie I, while the DB 603 engine was successfully installed in what became the G.56 prototype. Fiat G.55 Centauro 1942: FIGHTER: Virtual Aircraft Museum / Italy / Fiat : The Fiat G.55 Centauro (centaur) was an all-metal low-wing monoplane single- seat fighter designed by Giuseppe Gabrielli, and represented a great improvement by comparison with the previous Fiat monoplane fighter to go into production, the G.50. Two of the Luftwaffe G.55's remained in Turin, at the Aeritalia plants, where they were used by German and Italian engineers to study the planned modifications and the possible optimizations to the production process. Fiat G.55 serie I Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana ANR (Italian Social Republic Air Force 1943-1945) 1 Gruppo, 3 Sqn. In Strikers 1945 PLUS, the Fiat's Support special involves three German Junkers Ju 287 Bombers. The interest in the G.55 program was still high after the Armistice. The G.55/S shared the same gun layout as the G.55/I, with the three MG 151/20s and the two Breda-SAFAT machine guns. This version had higher performances and with heavier armament than the standard Fiat G.55s. Such aircraft, based near the Italian coast, could potentially have an operational range of 300–400 km (190–250 mi), would be capable of carrying a 680 kg (1,500 lb) torpedo (a shorter and more compact version of a weapon carried by the SM.79) at relatively high speed, would also be better able to evade enemy fighters and/or combat them on equal terms. The engine coolant radiator, normally a single unit positioned on the belly of the fuselage under the cockpit area, was divided into two units mounted under the wing roots (similar to the layout used on the Bf 109), gaining a 90 cm (35 in) space where two racks were mounted to carry the torpedo. €49,00. There are three known photographs of the Fiat G.56. Kampfflieger models $ 13.00. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. contact the designer. Art Scale Kit Distribution s.r.o. The Fiat factory, in Turin under German control, continued production for about six months. Official maximum speed was 685 km/h (426 mph) and the aircraft was armed with three 20 mm MG 151/20s, one firing through the propeller hub, the other … Fiat G.55 Centauro - fighter, photo, technical data, development history. Stinson L-5 part I. F-86F Sabre over Spain part II.  On 30 March, Commander Valentino Cus reached speeds of 690/700 km/h (430/440 mph). Fiat g.56, caccia tedesco Seconda Guerra Mondiale. The 275hp increase in power lifted the aircraft's top speed up to 426mph from the 391mph of the G.55. On 21 March 1943, the aircraft was assigned to 20° Gruppo (squadron), 51° Stormo (wing) CT, based at Roma-Ciampino, for operational evaluation. off and emergency rating. The specifications of the German G55/II included the DB 603 engine, five 20 mm guns and a pressurized cockpit. In 1943, Italy needed a new fighter to keep itself in the game. ", This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 07:48. In May, the G.55 followed the unit to Capoterra, near Cagliari having its baptism of fire on 5 June 1943, against Allied aircraft attacking Sardinia. The 353a Squadriglia, commanded by Capitano Egeo Pittoni, flew many missions against the American bomber formations, but the flights were stopped when Rome was declared "Città aperta" (open city). Also its powerful armament, along with the generous ammunition supply (the G.55 had 250 rounds of 20 mm ammunition in the centerline cannon as opposed to 120 rounds in the Re.2005) standardized in the production Serie I, was sufficient to bring down US heavy bombers.  500 new profiles every month. Two prototypes were built, flight tests starting in March 1944. The tests began 20 February 1943 with the German commission very impressed by the Italian aircraft, the G.55 in particular. Dimensions: 8.2 x 6.23 x 2.49 cm. The Fiat G.50 Freccia ("Arrow") was a World War II Italian fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by aviation company Fiat.Upon entering service, the type became Italy’s first single-seat, all-metal monoplane that had an enclosed cockpit and retractable undercarriage. The only negative assessment noted by G.55 pilots was the pronounced left-hand yawing at takeoff due to the powerful engine torque. The Germans also brought with them several aircraft including a Fw 190 A-5 and a Bf 109 G-4 for direct comparison tests in simulated dogfights. The G.55/S prototype survived the war and, after being converted back to the Serie I standard, it became the first G.55 to be delivered to the newly formed Aeronautica Militare Italiana (AMI).  In September 1951, units of the Argentine Navy and Army attempted a military coup against the government of Juan Perón. Tags 1:144 Fighter WWII Italy. Áttekintés 1942 decemberében az olasz repülőgépgyártók türelmesen várták a híreket amik végül… On 30 March, Commander Valentino Cus reached speeds of 690/700 km/h (430/440 mph). The two first pre-production series flew, respectively, on 10 April and in May 1943. Two prototypes were built, flight tests starting in March 1944. (Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana) in … Early production of G.55 required about 15,000 man-hours; while there were estimates to reduce the effort to about 9,000 man-hours, the well-practiced German factories were able to assemble a Bf 109 in only 5,000 man-hours. Green, William and Gordon Swanborough, eds. U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey, Aircraft Division Industry Report, Exhibit I – German Airplane Programs vs Actual Production. The final versions were the G.59-4A single-seater and G.59-4B two-seater, which were fitted with bubble canopies for improved visibility. It had three Squadriglie (the 4th, Gigi Tre Osei, the 5th, Diavoli Rossi, and the 6th, Gamba di Ferro). D'Amico, Ferdinando and Gabriele Valentini. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. The 2nd Gruppo was the main unit equipped with the G.55, of which it had 70 examples from December 1943 – August 1944, before being progressively re-equipped with the Bf 109G. This was corrected, but was still the most technically advanced, intricate, and therefore time-consuming of the three to produce, which made it unattractive at that stage of the war. This news was published on the old version of the website. , Data from "Centauro – The Final Fling", Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, L. 535,000 (L. 1,284,000 for planned 2,400 aircraft). WINGS PALETTE - Fiat G.55/G.56/G.59 Centauro - Argentina. 1/72 Fiat G.56 Prototype with DB603 Engine - Contact. Discover (and save!) More than 30000 images. Add to Cart: Details. The ANR had two Gruppi Caccia terrestre (fighter squadrons), the first was initially equipped with the Macchi C.205, from November 1943 to May 1944, then, re-equipped with the G.55/I in June 1944 until it switched to the Bf 109G starting from November 1944. It was introduced in Update 1.69 "Regia Aeronautica" and represents the penultimate modification of the G.55 Centauro. You must be logged in and verified to contact the designer. About 18 aircraft were expropriated by the ANR while 12–20 (possibly as many as 42, according to some official reports) were requisitioned by the Germans.. By doing so, Fiat was able to build up on the good performance of the G.55 and make it even better. Only one of them flew to southern Italy, accepting the invitation of Maresciallo d'Italia Pietro Badoglio to surrender to Allied forces. Italy’s aircraft industry was wholly located in the new Italian Social Republic, formerly the north of Italy, which was a German puppet state nominally ruled by Mussolini. In particular the coupling of G.56’s airframe with the Rolls-Royce Merlin engine was employed like prototype of successfully series of G.59, single and two seat advanced trainer, the last follower of fighter monoplanes designed for Fiat by Giuseppe Gabrielli. The DB 603 engines were used to build the G.56 prototypes. The ANR ordered a pre-series of 10 examples and a production series of 100 aircraft, but the conclusion of the war put an end to the project.  About 18 G.55s were acquired by ANR while 12–20, or even 42, according to some reports, were requisitioned by the Luftwaffe. Nel contempo vennero avviati … In June, the first Serie I were assigned to Gruppo Complementare of 51° Stormo in Foligno, near Perugia, but in July the 11 G.55 of Gruppo Complementare were transferred to 353a Squadriglia, that already had in charge the "pre-series" machines, to operate from Roma-Ciampino Sud airfield.  , The AMI acquired 19 G.55As and 10 G.55Bs, while the Argentine Air Force purchased 30 G.55As, and 15 G.55Bs. První prototyp vzlétl 28. More about the Fiat G.56 propellers. German interest, apart from the good test results, derived also from the development possibilities they were able to see in the G.55 and in the Re.2005. , In 1946, Fiat restarted production of the G.55, using the large stock of partly complete airframes and components remaining in its factories.  Production slowed markedly, and was stopped by the German authorities in September 1944. However, events in the war and the not yet optimized production process were the reasons for which the G.55 program was eventually abandoned by the Luftwaffe. This process brought to the first generation of Italian fighters equipped with the Italian-built copy of the Daimler-Benz DB 601 engine, the so-called Serie 1/2, whose most prominent representative was the Macchi C.202 Folgore. The first Centauro to see operational use was the third prototype. In October 1943, Kurt Tank, who previously personally tested a G.55 in Rechlin, and who had had nothing but praise for the aircraft, was in Turin to discuss G.55 production. We keep asking for this, the mc205 and the re2002. … Other visits were organized in Germany during March and May 1943 in Rechlin and Berlin. Gabrielli and other FIAT personnel were invited to visit German factories and to discuss the evolution of the aircraft. It was introduced in Update 1.69 "Regia Aeronautica". 91086) was modified to carry a 920 kg (2,030 lb), 5.46 m (17.91 ft) long torpedo. Shipping Weight: 0.3kg; Description. A single prototype was built, making its maiden flight in German occupied northern Italy during 1944. The Fiat G.56 was essentially a Fiat G.55 with a larger German Daimler-Benz DB 603 engine. Vrchlického 1005/57, 460 14 Liberec  A pre-production series of 34 examples was ordered: these aircraft were mostly based on the prototype, with minor changes to improve its flying characteristics. The G.55 was chosen for mass production, along with the C.205.  Kedves játékosok! 205 and the Re.2005. As there was still a demand for the aircraft, it was decided to convert the type to use the more readily available Rolls-Royce Merlin engine, with the first conversion flying in early 1948. Only 19 of the 34 commissioned aircraft were built, and six of them were converted to the Serie I standard at the factory. Of these, only one was flown to South Italy to join the Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force (a second G.55, MM.91150, was obtained by the Allies in summer 1944, when test pilot, Serafino Agostini, defected with an escaped British POW, an RAF officer, sitting on his knees. Fiat G.56 is one of the playable aircraft in Strikers 1945 series. On 8 September 1943, the date of Armistice, the Regia Aeronautica had received 35 G.55s. , The production of these orders for G.55s for Italy and Argentina caused the available stocks of the Italian licence-built version of the DB 605 engine to run short. The Fiat G.91 is an Italian jet fighter aircraft designed and built by Fiat Aviazione, which later merged into Aeritalia.The G.91 has its origins in the NATO-organised NBMR-1 competition in 1953, which sought a light fighter-bomber "Light Weight Strike Fighter" to be adopted as standard equipment across the air forces of the various NATO nations.After reviewing multiple submissions, the G.91 was picked as the … There may be some problems with news display in specific browser versions. It was available in two versions, the G.55A, a single-seat fighter/advanced trainer, and the G.55B, a two-seat advanced trainer, whose prototypes flew on 5 September 1946 and 12 February 1946 respectively. At the date of the Armistice, 8 September 1943, 35 G.55s of all Series had been delivered, including three prototypes. level 2. The installation of the new engine DB 603 led to G.56 version.  By comparison, the Germans produced 35,000 Bf 109s.. Visibility was noted as excellent thanks to the raised cockpit and spacious canopy while her engine made her a stellar performer when pitted against her Allied contemporaries. Details. Customers who bought this product also purchased... F-86F Sabre over Spain part I. Macchi C. 202 Luftwaffe. The Italians developed the Fiat G.56 originally under the demands of the Germans.  A total of 148 G.55s were delivered to the ANR and, when the factory was captured, 37 more examples were ready, while 73 were still on the production line, in various degrees of completion. ), From that date on, the Centauro served with the Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana (ANR), the air force of the new fascist state created in North Italy by Mussolini, with the assistance of the Germans. The prototype flew to Guidonia, where it was put into trials against the other fighters of the so-called Serie 5: Macchi C.205V Veltro and the formidable Reggiane Re.2005 Sagittario, all of them built around the powerful, license-built Daimler-Benz DB 605 engine. In May, the G.55 followed the unit to Capoterra, near Cagliari having its baptism of fire on 5 June 1943, against Allied aircraft attacking Sardinia. The pilots were arrested on arrival and the aircraft immobilised, however, and took no further part in the revolt, which was defeated by Loyalist forces. While the war still raging on in early 1944, Fiat fitted a pair of G.55 prototypes with Daimler-Benz DB 603A series engines under the new designation of "G.56". 6 years ago. The Fiat G.55 Centauro (Italian: "Centaur") was a single-engine single-seat World War II fighter aircraft used by the Regia Aeronautica and the A.N.R. Fiat G.56 Historie: Fiat G.56 byl nejrychlejším italským stíhacím letounem druhé světové války. Fiat G.56 The Fiat G.56 was basically a Fiat G.55 with a German Daimler-Benz DB 603 engine. , During its short operational service, mostly under the Repubblica Sociale Italiana insignia, after the 8 September 1943 armistice, this powerful, robust and fast aircraft proved itself to be an excellent interceptor at high altitude. This was a little less than expected, but it had a strong airframe and was the best aircraft regarding handling and stability at every altitude. Also, the Junkers formations can vary. QTY. Newsfeed. Oberst Petersen defined the G.55 "the best fighter in the Axis" and immediately telegraphed his impressions to Göring. The first G.55 prototype flew on 30 April 1942, piloted by commander Valentino Cus, immediately showing its good performance and flight characteristics. This is one of them. But at the date of the 8 September the G.55 had not been delivered yet. The C.205V was good at low and medium altitudes, fast and with good diving characteristics but its performance dropped considerably over 8,000 m (26,250 ft), particularly in handling. The airframe was only slightly revised and the fuselage machine guns were dropped to save weight and allow for more internal space. The G.56 is a rank IV Italian fighter with a battle rating of 6.0 (AB) and 5.7 (RB/SB). As a concrete expression of the German interest in the G.55, the Luftwaffe acquired three complete G.55/0 airframes (MM 91064-65-66) for evaluations and experiments providing three DB 603 engines and original machinery for the setup of other production line of the Italian copy of DB 605. It only appears in Strikers 1945 Plus. Il Fiat G.56 era un aereo da caccia ad ala bassa a sbalzo realizzato dalla Fiat, progettato dall'ing. Stinson L-5 / OY-1 part II. Of these, 26 were single-seaters (designated G.59-2A) and the remaining 4 two-seaters (G.59-2B). The G.56 had the misfortune to emerge after the country it was built for had temporarily ceased to exist. Syria placed an order for 30 similar aircraft, which by this time, were completely from new production as the stocks of G.55 components had been exhausted. Particularly, the G.55 was bigger and heavier and was considered a very good candidate for the new, significantly larger and more powerful DB 603 engine, which was considered too large to fit in the Bf 109's airframe. In addition to excellent JR’s description an unusual frontal view of the Fiat G.56. Only 148 were delivered to the ANR units that, as the number of available G.55s dwindled, were progressively re-equipped with the Bf 109G, of various sub-versions, even though Italian pilots preferred the G.55, with cancellation of production being extremely unpopular.. Quick Links; Home; … The Regia Aeronautica frequently used torpedo bombers to air-launch torpedoes, such as the trimotor SIAI-Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero medium bomber. At the end of May, the 2° Gruppo gave its G.55s to 1° Gruppo and re-equipped with 46 ex I./JG 53 and II./JG 77 Bf 109G-6/R6, With the ANR, the G.55s gave a good account of themselves against Allied fighters like the Spitfire and Mustang.. Sep 17, 2020 - Explore Robert Miner's board "Fiat G.55" on Pinterest. your own Pins on Pinterest After listening to the recommendations of Petersen, Milch and Galland, a meeting held by Göring on 22 February 1943 voted to produce the G.55 in Germany. Indirizzo Via Iseo, 6/A 25030 Erbusco (BS) Italy. The first Centauro to see operational use was the third prototype. As a result Italian aircraft design and production … This was partially remedied by a slight offset positioning of the vertical stabilizer to counteract engine torque. The 2nd Gruppo was formed at Bresso. On 9 December, these impressions were discussed in a Luftwaffe staff meeting and raised the interest of Hermann Göring himself. FIAT G.56 Model: 4805. The tailwheel strut was lengthened and equipped with a strengthened shock absorber to keep the tailfins of the torpedo from striking the ground, and a drag-reducing cowling was added in front of the tailwheel to minimize drag from the lengthened strut. By early 1943, increased Allied bombing raids over Italy had showed that there was no suitable high-altitude fighter to deal with them effectively. A production G.55 (military serial number MM. The DB 603 were instead to be used in Tank's own Ta-152C. A G.56 az 1.69 "Regia Aeronautica" frissítésben került a játékba. Az egyik leghatékonyabb légcsavaros vadász az olasz fejlesztési ágon a War Thunderben. The aircraft, designated G.55/S, first flew in August 1944 and was successfully tested in January 1945, piloted by Adriano Mantelli. Huge archive of air camouflage profiles. Of the Serie 5 fighters, the Centauro showed the best high-altitude performance, due to its large wing surface area. The newsfeed doesn't contain any items. Complete resin kit with decals, photo-etched parts, white metal parts, canopy. Only two were ever built. During the first week of September, 12 Centauros had been assigned to 372a Squadriglia of 153° Gruppo in Torino-Mirafiori. While some consideration was given to adapting the G.55, Fiat began designing the G.57, a separate design powered by the 930 kW (1,250 hp) Fiat A.83 R.C.24/52 radial engine that was more capable of carrying a torpedo. The Fiat G.55 was arguably the best type produced in Italy during World War II, (a subjective claim also frequently made for the Macchi C.205 Veltro as well as for the Reggiane Re.2005 Sagittario) but it did not enter production until 1943, when, after comparative tests against the Messerschmitt Bf 109G and the Focke-Wulf 190, the Luftwaffe itself regarded the Fiat G.55 as "the best Axis fighter". Aircraft in this series were given alphanumeric designations ending in the number "2". Fiat G.56. Handling was reportedly excellent as well and made for a superior dogfighting platform 164 "Centauros" had been completed, 97 of them being produced after the Armistice and delivered to the ANR. The visit was part of a joint plan for the standardization of the Axis aircraft production. On 26 February 1937, the G.50 conducted its maiden flight.During early 1938, the Freccias served in the Regia Aeronautica (the Italian … The Fiat G.56 in Strikers 1945 Plus Portable. ", Vergnano, Piero and Gregory Alegi. Join us now! This layout soon proved to be troublesome, both for rearming and for the servicing of the lower cowling mounted machine guns: for this reason, the two lower machine guns were removed, and replaced with a 20 mm MG 151/20 in each wing, in the later production series, the Serie 1 (for a total of three cannon and two 12.7mm machine guns, although this varied; some had machine guns in the wings instead of cannon).  Italian fighter pilots liked their Centauro but by the time the war ended, fewer than 300 had been built. However, the process didn't stop, and already in 1941, designers shifted their att… Following the advice of Rüstungs und Kriegsproduktion Stab (RuK), the German Control Commission, production was dispersed in small cities of Monferrato and production of parts were assigned to CANSA of Novara and AVIA in Vercelli. Fiat designer Giuseppe Gabrielli, while experimenting a new version of his Fiat G.50 fighter, equipped with the DB 601, started a new design that was to be powered by the DB 605. This process saw the first generation radial-engined fighters re-equipped with the Italian-built copy of the Daimler-Benz DB 601 engine, the so-called Serie 1/2, whose most prominent representative was the Macchi C.202 Folgore (which was simply a Macchi C.200 with an inline V-12 instead of a radial engine).
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